Basal cell carcinoma is one of the most common types of skin cancer. It occurs mainly on areas of the body that have been exposed to the sun.
The face is a common site of basal cell cancers, which look like pearly, domed lesions that can erode and bleed. The most common way to treat basal cell carcinoma is surgery.
Surgery is considered the best way to manage the disease because almost all patients survive for at least five years after the diagnosis of this type of cancer.
Surgical excision of the cancer is preferable to non-surgical treatments (like freezing or burning the lesion) because it gets rid of the entire lesion in just one procedure.
The basal cell cancer specimen can be looked at under the microscope to confirm the diagnosis and the lesion is completely removed. More complicated surgery is performed for very aggressive basal cell cancers in order to avoid extensive skin destruction.
Source: 1. Telfer NR, et. al. Guidelines for the management of basal cell carcinoma. Br J Dermatol. 2008 Jul;159(1):35-48.
Dr. Adem Gunes